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Проблема с отправкой почты sendmail


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Здравствуйте

У меня возникла проблема с отправкой писем с сервера на котором стоит sendmail. Почту с других почтовых ящиков он принимает, можно также переслать почту через него с одной из машин сети. Однако при попытке отправить почту с самого сервера ничего не происходит.

Primary и Secondary DNS услуги заказаны в nic.ru и настроены:

mail A наш IP адрес

mydomain.ru MX 10 mail.mydomain.ru

Настройки sendmail'a:

sendmail.mc

divert(-1)dnl

dnl #

dnl # This is the sendmail macro config file for m4. If you make changes to

dnl # /etc/mail/sendmail.mc, you will need to regenerate the

dnl # /etc/mail/sendmail.cf file by confirming that the sendmail-cf package is

dnl # installed and then performing a

dnl #

dnl # make -C /etc/mail

dnl #

include(`/usr/share/sendmail-cf/m4/cf.m4')dnl

VERSIONID(`setup for linux')dnl

OSTYPE(`linux')dnl

dnl #

dnl # Do not advertize sendmail version.

dnl #

dnl define(`confSMTP_LOGIN_MSG', `$j Sendmail; $b')dnl

dnl #

dnl # default logging level is 9, you might want to set it higher to

dnl # debug the configuration

dnl #

dnl define(`confLOG_LEVEL', `9')dnl

dnl #

dnl # Uncomment and edit the following line if your outgoing mail needs to

dnl # be sent out through an external mail server:

dnl #

dnl define(`SMART_HOST', `smtp.your.provider')dnl

dnl #

define(`confDEF_USER_ID', ``8:12'')dnl

dnl define(`confAUTO_REBUILD')dnl

define(`confTO_CONNECT', `1m')dnl

define(`confTRY_NULL_MX_LIST', `True')dnl

define(`confDONT_PROBE_INTERFACES', `True')dnl

define(`PROCMAIL_MAILER_PATH', `/usr/bin/procmail')dnl

define(`ALIAS_FILE', `/etc/aliases')dnl

define(`STATUS_FILE', `/var/log/mail/statistics')dnl

define(`UUCP_MAILER_MAX', `2000000')dnl

define(`confUSERDB_SPEC', `/etc/mail/userdb.db')dnl

define(`confPRIVACY_FLAGS', `authwarnings,novrfy,noexpn,restrictqrun')dnl

define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A')dnl

dnl #

dnl # The following allows relaying if the user authenticates, and disallows

dnl # plaintext authentication (PLAIN/LOGIN) on non-TLS links

dnl #

dnl define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A p')dnl

dnl #

dnl # PLAIN is the preferred plaintext authentication method and used by

dnl # Mozilla Mail and Evolution, though Outlook Express and other MUAs do

dnl # use LOGIN. Other mechanisms should be used if the connection is not

dnl # guaranteed secure.

dnl # Please remember that saslauthd needs to be running for AUTH.

dnl #

dnl TRUST_AUTH_MECH(`EXTERNAL DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl

dnl define(`confAUTH_MECHANISMS', `EXTERNAL GSSAPI DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl

dnl #

dnl # Rudimentary information on creating certificates for sendmail TLS:

dnl # cd /usr/share/ssl/certs; make sendmail.pem

dnl # Complete usage:

dnl # make -C /usr/share/ssl/certs usage

dnl #

dnl define(`confCACERT_PATH', `/etc/pki/tls/certs')dnl

dnl define(`confCACERT', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt')dnl

dnl define(`confSERVER_CERT', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem')dnl

dnl define(`confSERVER_KEY', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem')dnl

dnl #

dnl # This allows sendmail to use a keyfile that is shared with OpenLDAP's

dnl # slapd, which requires the file to be readble by group ldap

dnl #

dnl define(`confDONT_BLAME_SENDMAIL', `groupreadablekeyfile')dnl

dnl #

dnl define(`confTO_QUEUEWARN', `4h')dnl

dnl define(`confTO_QUEUERETURN', `5d')dnl

dnl define(`confQUEUE_LA', `12')dnl

dnl define(`confREFUSE_LA', `18')dnl

define(`confTO_IDENT', `0')dnl

dnl FEATURE(delay_checks)dnl

FEATURE(`no_default_msa', `dnl')dnl

FEATURE(`smrsh', `/usr/sbin/smrsh')dnl

FEATURE(`mailertable', `hash -o /etc/mail/mailertable.db')dnl

FEATURE(`virtusertable', `hash -o /etc/mail/virtusertable.db')dnl

FEATURE(redirect)dnl

FEATURE(always_add_domain)dnl

FEATURE(use_cw_file)dnl

FEATURE(use_ct_file)dnl

dnl #

dnl # The following limits the number of processes sendmail can fork to accept

dnl # incoming messages or process its message queues to 20.) sendmail refuses

dnl # to accept connections once it has reached its quota of child processes.

dnl #

dnl define(`confMAX_DAEMON_CHILDREN', `20')dnl

dnl #

dnl # Limits the number of new connections per second. This caps the overhead

dnl # incurred due to forking new sendmail processes. May be useful against

dnl # DoS attacks or barrages of spam. (As mentioned below, a per-IP address

dnl # limit would be useful but is not available as an option at this writing.)

dnl #

dnl define(`confCONNECTION_RATE_THROTTLE', `3')dnl

dnl #

dnl # The -t option will retry delivery if e.g. the user runs over his quota.

dnl #

FEATURE(local_procmail, `', `procmail -t -Y -a $h -d $u')dnl

FEATURE(`access_db', `hash -T<TMPF> -o /etc/mail/access.db')dnl

FEATURE(`blacklist_recipients')dnl

EXPOSED_USER(`root')dnl

dnl #

dnl # For using Cyrus-IMAPd as POP3/IMAP server through LMTP delivery uncomment

dnl # the following 2 definitions and activate below in the MAILER section the

dnl # cyrusv2 mailer.

dnl #

dnl define(`confLOCAL_MAILER', `cyrusv2')dnl

dnl define(`CYRUSV2_MAILER_ARGS', `FILE /var/lib/imap/socket/lmtp')dnl

dnl #

dnl # The following causes sendmail to only listen on the IPv4 loopback address

dnl # 127.0.0.1 and not on any other network devices. Remove the loopback

dnl # address restriction to accept email from the internet or intranet.

dnl #

dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtp,Addr=127.0.0.1, Name=MTA')dnl

dnl #

dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen to port 587 for

dnl # mail from MUAs that authenticate. Roaming users who can't reach their

dnl # preferred sendmail daemon due to port 25 being blocked or redirected find

dnl # this useful.

dnl #

dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=submission, Name=MSA, M=Ea')dnl

dnl #

dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen to port 465, but

dnl # starting immediately in TLS mode upon connecting. Port 25 or 587 followed

dnl # by STARTTLS is preferred, but roaming clients using Outlook Express can't

dnl # do STARTTLS on ports other than 25. Mozilla Mail can ONLY use STARTTLS

dnl # and doesn't support the deprecated smtps; Evolution <1.1.1 uses smtps

dnl # when SSL is enabled-- STARTTLS support is available in version 1.1.1.

dnl #

dnl # For this to work your OpenSSL certificates must be configured.

dnl #

dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtps, Name=TLSMTA, M=s')dnl

dnl #

dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen on the IPv6 loopback

dnl # device. Remove the loopback address restriction listen to the network.

dnl #

dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`port=smtp,Addr=::1, Name=MTA-v6, Family=inet6')dnl

dnl #

dnl # enable both ipv6 and ipv4 in sendmail:

dnl #

dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Name=MTA-v4, Family=inet, Name=MTA-v6, Family=inet6')

dnl #

dnl # We strongly recommend not accepting unresolvable domains if you want to

dnl # protect yourself from spam. However, the laptop and users on computers

dnl # that do not have 24x7 DNS do need this.

dnl #

FEATURE(`accept_unresolvable_domains')dnl

dnl #

dnl FEATURE(`relay_based_on_MX')dnl

dnl #

dnl # Also accept email sent to "localhost.localdomain" as local email.

dnl #

LOCAL_DOMAIN(`localhost.localdomain')dnl

dnl #

dnl # The following example makes mail from this host and any additional

dnl # specified domains appear to be sent from mydomain.com

dnl #

dnl MASQUERADE_AS(`mydomain.com')dnl

dnl #

dnl # masquerade not just the headers, but the envelope as well

dnl #

dnl FEATURE(masquerade_envelope)dnl

dnl #

dnl # masquerade not just @mydomainalias.com, but @*.mydomainalias.com as well

dnl #

dnl FEATURE(masquerade_entire_domain)dnl

dnl #

dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(localhost)dnl

dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(localhost.localdomain)dnl

dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(mydomainalias.com)dnl

dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(mydomain.lan)dnl

MAILER(smtp)dnl

MAILER(procmail)dnl

dnl MAILER(cyrusv2)dnl

во вновь созданном sendmail.cf изменены строки

Cwmail.mydomain.ru

Dj.Sw.mydomain.ru

в access находятся следующие строки

localhost.localdomain RELAY

mail.mydomain.ru RELAY

mydomain.ru RELAY

IP адрес машины в сети RELAY

IP адрес сервера RELAY

access обработан makemap

в local-host-names

mail.mydomain.ru

mydomain.ru

Система: Linux Fedora Core 6

Версия sendmail - 8.

Подскажите, где моя ошибка Shocked

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Gabriel писал(а) Wed, 09 May 2007 12:22

Однако при попытке отправить почту с самого сервера ничего не происходит.

а с помощью чего осуществляются эти попытки ?

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Попытки отправить осуществлялись с использованием утилиты mail <email-address>, а также с помощью php функции mail (как я понимаю она использует sendmail)

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Наконец добрался до сервера

На попытку отправить сообщение на почту esomkin@yandex.ru пишет в лог

May 12 12:44:15 localhost sendmail[30521]: l4C8iFUt030521: from=root, size=50, class=0, nrcpts=1, msgid=<200705120844.l4C8iFUt030521@localhost.localdomain>, relay=root@localhost

May 12 12:44:15 localhost sendmail[30522]: l4C8iFX2030522: from=<root@localhost.localdomain>, size=347, class=0, nrcpts=1, msgid=<200705120844.l4C8iFUt030521@localhost.localdomain>, proto=ESMTP, daemon=MTA, relay=localhost [127.0.0.1]

May 12 12:44:15 localhost sendmail[30521]: l4C8iFUt030521: to=esomkin@yandex.ru, ctladdr=root (0/0), delay=00:00:00, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=relay, pri=30050, relay=[127.0.0.1] [127.0.0.1], dsn=2.0.0, stat=Sent (l4C8iFX2030522 Message accepted for delivery)

May 12 12:44:15 localhost sendmail[30524]: l4C8iFX2030522: to=<esomkin@yandex.ru>, ctladdr=<root@localhost.localdomain> (0/0), delay=00:00:00, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=esmtp, pri=120347, relay=mx1.yandex.ru. [213.180.200.11], dsn=5.6.0, stat=Data format error

May 12 12:44:15 localhost sendmail[30524]: l4C8iFX2030522: l4C8iFX2030524: DSN: Data format error

May 12 12:44:15 localhost sendmail[30524]: l4C8iFX2030524: to=<root@localhost.localdomain>, delay=00:00:00, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=local, pri=31587, dsn=2.0.0, stat=Sent

Если я правильно понял проблема в том, что отправка происходит от имени root@localhost.localdomain поэтому Yandex не принимает данное сообщение. Подскажите как решить данную проблему (Маскарадинг???)

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